Anemia Types Pdf

In very severe anemia, the body may compensate for the lack of oxygen-carrying capability of the blood by increasing cardiac output. The cause is renal diseases. Hemoglobin and hematocrit. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Blood and Bone Marrow Transplant?

These are generally featuring jaundice and elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels. Drugs like chloramphenicol cause aplastic anemia. Microcytosis and hypochromasia. The word anemia used alone implies widespread effects from blood that either is too scarce e. They may also report shortness of breath on exertion.

American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Wintrobe's Atlas of Clinical Hematology.

Hereditary spherocytosis, acute bleeding, some chronic diseases, some Hb traits. Blood from a person with iron-deficiency anemia. Mean corpuscular volume normocytic microcytic macrocytic Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration normochromic hypochromic. Peripheral blood smear shows poikilocytosis.

Anemia types pdf

If an automated count is not available, a reticulocyte count can be done manually following special staining of the blood film. This is seen in collagen diseases autoimmune diseases and inflammatory conditions. Anemia due to chronic diseases. There are target cells, ovalocytes, basophilic stippling, and HbH crystals. Treatment depends on the kind of anemia you have.

Anemia types pdf

Occasionally may see leucopenia and thrombocytopenia. Methemoglobinemia Sulfhemoglobinemia Reticulocytopenia.

There are increased reticulocytes. White blood cells count and platelets count. Annals of Internal Medicine.

Anemia types pdf

Robbins and Cotran pathologic basis of disease. Pure red cell aplasia Sideroblastic anemia Myelophthisic.

Nutritional iron deficiency is common in developing nations. Disclaimer Web development by Farhan Ahmad. There is anisocytosis, poikilocytosis. Certain groups of individuals, such as pregnant women, benefit from the use of iron pills for prevention. The American Journal of Managed Care.

For other uses, see Anemia disambiguation. In the case of hydantoin therapy. If normal then advise electrophoresis. These are the most common hematological disorders.

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Several of these may interplay to cause anemia eventually. Reticulocyte production index shows inadequate production response to anemia. Even where the source of blood loss is obvious, evaluation of erythropoiesis can help assess whether the bone marrow will be able to compensate for the loss, and at what rate. Examination of a stained blood smear using a microscope can also be helpful, and it is sometimes a necessity in regions of the world where automated analysis is less accessible.

Anemia types pdf

Anemia Types And Characteristic Finding (Classification of Anemias)

Thus ischemia in a body part can cause localized anemic effects within those tissues. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Its Effects on Environment and Health. Definition of Anemia Anemia is defined as a decrease in the concentration of the hemoglobin depending upon the age and the sex of the patient.

Obstetrics and gynaecology. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, vit. Pulmonary Vascular Disease.

Anemia is the most common blood disorder, otitis media akut pdf affecting about a third of the global population. Acute blood loss Anemia of chronic disease Aplastic anemia bone marrow failure Hemolytic anemia. The symptoms can be related to an underlying cause or the anemia itself. The reticulocyte production index is a calculation of the ratio between the level of anemia and the extent to which the reticulocyte count has risen in response.

Basic Principles and Practice. Prevention and Risk Factors. Electrophoresis of blood show Hb S and no normal Hb A. Anemia goes undetected in many people and symptoms can be minor. Peripheral blood smear shows macrocytosis and many hypersegmentation of neutrophils.

Anemias of increased red blood cell destruction are generally classified as hemolytic anemias. Restless legs syndrome is more common in those with iron-deficiency anemia. He discovered that ingesting large amounts of liver seemed to cure the disease. Decrease in the total number of red blood cells or amount of hemoglobin in the blood, or lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen. Chronic diseases like neoplasia and infections.

Anemia types pdf

Peripheral blood smear shows Hypochromic and microcytic anemia. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Anemia Types And Characteristic Finding (Classification of Anemias)

The Western Journal of Medicine. Megaloblastic anemia Pernicious anemia.

Iron deficiency in the early stages. Some counters estimate hematocrit from direct measurements. The nonmegaloblastic macrocytic anemias have different etiologies i. All three shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine.